Little Miss Teacher Blog

By Clara Fiorentini

Tuesday, 10 July 2018

The Busy Hat

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When you just need a minute in the classroom, what do you do?

Unless you're familiar with the world of teaching, it is impossible to actually imagine how demanding a classroom can be....especially at the Junior end of the school! I always describe it like needing to be an octopus, two hands are never enough! 

When it comes to working one-to-one, listening to reading, doing assessments or even just working with a small group I find having a routine for interruptions essential, you would be blue in the face repeating yourself otherwise!
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All you need is a hat. Any hat. In fact, probably the sillier the better. Your busy hat!

Once you've introduced it and explained the routine clearly, the children will learn to recognise it pretty quickly and adapt to understanding that you're busy and will soon learn to take a little venture down the lane of independence and think about what they can do in the meantime.

Just be sure to spend some time teaching them what they are expected to do if they are finished their work, if they need to go to the toilet etc, etc! And, remember to take it off before you head down the hall for lunch!

Now, perfect excuse to justify a silly hat purchase on  a night out on your holidays!


Monday, 2 July 2018

Teaching Junior Infants

Preparing for Teaching Junior Infants:

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Setting up your classroom:

  • Group seating  - The Infant classroom is a social place. Plan for this in your seating. You want to maximise language and peer learning opportunities so ensure every child has the opportunity to sit and belong to a group for seat-work activities. Give each group a name and use these for your classroom reward system. One thing you need to get into your head before teaching infants is that it is a busy, chatty environment and that, is a good thing!
  • Lasting displays - In the Infant Classroom you will have several wall displays which you will refer to and use EVERY day. Use your wall space wisely. My recommendations for your infant classroom long term wall space would be the following:
-A Literacy Wall - a working wall space which you can add and take from as need be. Be it nursery rhymes, letter knowledge, reading etc.

- A Numeracy Wall - similar to your literacy wall but just for Maths. Ensure you have a number line for 1-10 and your colours on display for September!

-A birthday wall. This can double up for your months of the year too. 

-Rule Display - Your rules are something you're going to be referring to a lot for the first part of the year in infants, therefore a large visual is key for me! Keep them short and concise and then you can always add to them as the year goes on if need be. 

It's all about the visuals in the Infant classroom, especially when most will still be in the pre-reading stage of things or even when you have children with EAL in your classroom. I find a 'How are we working?' display a handy one to add to the list too.

I usually have a 'Golden Rule' as something we work on when various issues arise throughout the year. This one was a favourite of mine and something you should probably brace yourself for, haha!

What else can I have set up for September?

  • Writing Table - an essential in the infant classroom. I like to have nice markers, paper, stickers, scissors, glues etc here....things that they don't get to use all the time!
  • Fast finishers area - In Infants, the one thing you are GUARANTEED to hear on repeat 2.5 seconds after you assign a task will be "Teacherrrrrrrr, I'm finished!!!!!!". Your saving grace will be instilling a routine in the pupils, that there is somewhere they put their completed work independently and a space where they go if you are working with another pupil / group. A fast finisher area with some little fine motor crafts, additional skills work like cutting or sticking - something relevant but enticing for pupils! 
  • Reading Area - another essential. 

  • Mats & Floor Space - vary your seating arrangements. If someone asked me to sit in the same seat for the day, I think I would die. Think of dull inservice days or lectures where we endured being stuck in a seat glued to a presentation for the day.....zzzzzzzzzz!! Break up the day with variety in your seating. I have rolls of carpet left over from my stairs which I brought in and use for seating space in front of the IWB and for whole class Literacy work / stories. Yes there are a multitude of beautiful mats you can buy online, but really the children are meant to be looking at you not the carpet!
  • Set up for play - plan your classroom layout around your play / Aistear instruction. Think of a space suited to construction, socio-dramatic play, messy play etc,
  • Place-mats - Every pupil needs a placemat with their name. Remember not all will be able to recognise their names so having a little icon or animal they can recognise will help for the first while. I like these from Twinkl. I have been using them for years as they have sight words, alphabet, numberline, days of the week and are editable! My advice? Attach them with bluetac as no doubt you'll move pupils around a good bit for the first while as little personalities tend to only shine through as they children become more comfortable.
  • Visual Timetable -  another infant classroom essential. It's nice for them to be able to see their day laid out, it saves on a lot of the 'What are doing next? When's hometime?' questions. I found this past year that breaking their timetable up into sections of three worked even better simply by using 'Now, Next, Then'. This was part of our Daily Routine Board which we used every morning to do our days, weather, jobs, line leader, reminders for the day and birthday checks!
  • Accessible storage - I like to have the pupils getting stuck into helping out as much as possible from day one. As each group has a name e.g. tigers, I put a picture of the group on the tubs for their twistables and pencils so that helpers can give them out when needed without any fuss or debate about who gets what!

Shopping list:
  • Twistables - forget the chubby crayons! Twistables and triangular pencils are all you'll need.
  • Zippy Folders - so handy for storing all your topic resources!
  • Date stamp - makes correcting a lot quicker and handy for absences!
  • Stickers - you can never have enough! 
  • Highlighters - literally one of my most used items on my desk. 

  • Picture Books - again, you will never have enough!
  • Wipe clean table cloths - cheap & cheerful but so handy for art, playdough or any messy crafts!
  • Post Its / Sticky Labels
  • Sharpies
  • Hand Gel - it's a germy place I'm afraid!
  • Baby wipes - sticky hands, yoghurt faces, lunch spillages - baby wipes are a saviour!
**Keep your receipts! I found that more than any other class I've taught, you will spot things to support your infant teaching everywhere! Now, not everything can you claim back for, but certain things, like Twistables and art materials, you will go through a lot of and you shouldn't be out of pocket for those!**

Classroom Management:
  • Class Mascot - having a large teddy or puppet as a classroom mascot is always handy. Remember the age group. A great incentive for good listening is giving the class mascot an opportunity to join the table of the best listeners here and there throughout the day! Works a treat!
  • Timers - I would be lost without my timers. Having a variety is essential. I find 2 minute and 5 minute egg timers are great, some little ones just physically need to see the time passing and they will come in very handy in instances when turn-taking or sharing can be an issue! 
My advice:
  • No rush on phonics / letter knowledge programmes. People rush in to 'work' far too quickly. There is no need or proven benefit, in fact, the children will respond better the longer you leave it! Take September to get the children into routine, lots of pre-writing work, colouring skills, phonemic awareness, fine motor work etc.
  • Take time to get to know everyone - talk to them. Make an effort to have some little conversation with each pupil, each day. It's easy to be overlooked in a busy room!
  • Spend time on routines - again this will stand to you. Practice you rules, lining up, listening skills and be  consistent. September will be tough but it will be so worth it. 
  • Play - anyone who knows my content by now, knows my opinions on play! Play is the way!
  • Scissor skills - great for finger strength and an important skill that the pupils develop so they can work on crafts and sequencing activities independently later in the year!
  • Stories, stories, stories - seize every opportunity to read stories galore. Not only are you developing language but you're practicing listening skills and concentration.
  • Nursery Rhymes - essential! There's a rhyme for everything these days.

Parents & Guardians:

Remember, the infant parents and guardians are putting a HUGE amount of trust and faith in you to take their little child for their first year at school. It can be overwhelming for you and some infant parents can seem a little demanding at times,  but remember the pupils are so young, they're only babies and it's a traumatic time for parents too - the tears don't always come from the kids in the first week! Establish a good routine from the start, after day one, insist on the 'drop and go' routine. Perhaps another staff member could help out by being at your door for this. 

How can you keep the parents in the loop and involved?
  • Parent's Board - having a parents board outside your door with info and notices for parents to read at hometime is nice. I like to have a 'What we did today?' poster on the board at hometime. It's a nice way for the kids to recap on what they did and allows the parents to have some prompts for asking their child about their day at school!
  • Photos - take photos, display them and send them home! Keepsakes are precious! Something I did for the first time this year was a monthly photo montage of the children's play, which led to lots of lovely discussion! 

I've tried to tackle as many of your queries as possible, if you've any more, you know where to find me!


Tuesday, 29 May 2018

Maths For Fun

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When teaching the younger classes, or any class really, it's always nice to get the parents in now & again. They're putting a lot of trust and faith in you, so it's only fair that they get the opportunity to visit the classroom every so often, and it's a lovely chance for the children to show off all their lovely work and skills they've been learning.

I posted on Instagram recently about Maths for Fun and since have had lots of q's about how to go about it. It's a nice one to do with the parents, as everyone is busy and active and time flies! It's something we've been doing for years in our school thanks to our HSCL teachers. One of the nicest things about teaching infants is how closely you get to work with the HSCL teacher, if your school has one. It's great, especially for linking in with parents etc!

So what do we do?

Games galore!

I like to let the children know that they are the bosses for Maths for Fun. They are the experts. They are here to teach the parents / guardians / grandparents how to play the various games.
Obviously, there will be instances every week where some children might not have a parent / guardian present due to work etc, but that's fine, that's where you or another staff member will fit in! I like to have a separate table set up with lots of other games for children to pair up and play maths games if they haven't got a visiting adult present that day!

The children will be familiar with most of the games, from working with them during the year, but it's nice to put out a few new ones too.

Our HSCL teacher has a lovely stock of Orchard Tree Games - you can get them directly from their website but they're also available in Tesco, Smyths, The Art & Hobby Shop and Debenhams too!


I then, have a collection of games I've made over the past few years, be it from Twinkl, Sparklebox or just myself. Everything is ready to rock in zippy plastic folders and the children / parents can rotate them as they need.

Here's a little look at just some of the activities we use:

Count, count, count:

Fish Bowl Counting Game - Roll the dice, take that many fish, put them in your fishbowl. Winner has most fish in their bowl at the end! Pretty sure this is from Sparklebox, from back in the day before we had a colour printer!

Bug Counting - another nice pair game!

DIY Games:

There's lots of handy little games and activities you can create with the resources that you already have, such as:

Count & link - I just laminated lots of little gloves with numbers on them!

Bears on the Bus - simple sorting activity - I have it up on

Count & thread - you might have seen this one on my Instagram. Pipe cleaners, sticky labels & beads - maths and fine motor work all in one!

Write & wipe:


The little ones love having a chance to show off their number skills. Having a supply of these types of activities, laminated with marker and duster on hand ready in each folder are nice to have ready! I've a mountain of these built up from Twinkl over the past few years.

Jigsaws are handy to have on supply too.


Seasonal Activities:

It;s nice to tie in the time of year into whatever activities you're doing. This Ice Cream Scoop Counting Activity from Twinkl is very popular with my little ones at the moment!

Don't forget the old reliables!

Once the games are easily rotated, don't take too long and you have plenty of differentiated activities so it's a successful experience for all your little learners, your're sorted!


  • Set the timer on-screen at the start, so when the buzzer goes, there's no dispute about time being up! 40 mins is ideal!
  • Playing some nice relaxing classical music in the background helps!
  • Have the camera on hand for some nice parent & child photo opportunities too!
  • Bring in some bigger chairs for the parents - we all know crouching on the infant chairs is far from comfortable for an adult!

Just a little insight into what we get up to!


Monday, 28 May 2018

6th Class Graduation Ceremonies

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Hi all!

It's that time of year again, Graduation Ceremony prep for a lot of 6th class teachers is in full swing! I've been getting a good few queries about Grad Ceremonies so just thought putting it all into a post might be helpful!

I really regret not taking more pictures when I was teaching 6th - I clearly hadn't got into the habit of uploading my photos to Google Drive back then! I've been packing up bits from my classroom this past while in preparation for Maternity Leave, and this afternoon I uncovered a few dusty boxes from my time at the senior end of the school! I loved teaching 6th, and preparing for the Graduation Ceremony at the end of the year was always something which I found great for keeping the class going right until the end!

I teach in a Catholic school, so usually there was a religious element to the ceremony, but we tried to ensure that the ceremony flowed with as much lead and input from the pupils as possible.

We used the school hall, and we decorated it with a selection of the pupils' favourite work and artwork from throughout the year - poetry, writing, projects etc!

We also did a few specific displays just for the occasion too, such as:

1. What the pupils wish to be remembered for: 
(You can tell the quality of the mobile phone cameras have improved drastically since 2013!!)

Nice end of year display for school leavers... Children pick a word that describes how they would like to be remembered :-)

2. Some nice quotes / positive statements to sum up their time in primary school:

A Nice poster the kids can make for graduation mass/ceremony!

3.  Mortarboards

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Image source: Teach Junkie

I don't have a picture of ours unfortunately, but we used to print out a picture of each class member and they designed their own mortarboard hat to put on their photograph. It was a nice display and a nice little keepsake then afterwards.

What else?

  • Memory Lane

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As part of the ceremony we always took a trip down memory lane by having one memory / object from each year of their primary school life. It was lovely. We had a 'gift' or a memento from each year, Infants right up to 6th. One child read out the explanation for each as a selection of students brought each memento to the front of the hall.

  • Drama

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We used to always do a teeny little drama from the Alive O 8 -  Two Little Dickie Birds - sounds naff but it was actually quite sweet. It's just a little story with enough speaking parts to split among a large class ...all about being afraid to leave Primary School!

  • Slideshow

Fortunately in our school we're pretty good at taking photos all through the childrens' time in school so when it comes to 6th class we have a great bank of photos to dip into when it comes to putting together a memory slideshow for the graduation. It's lovely for the parents and the children to have a look back and a laugh, and maybe even a cry! And in my case, a great way to cringe at all the hairstyles you've had over the years! #whatwasIthinking?

  • Song

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We generally sang right through the ceremony but the best part, by far, was always the final song. The children generally vote and choose a song - but I tended to have a few for them to chose from to keep it all PC and appropriate! Some of the ones we used over the years included:

  • Something Inside So Strong - Labe Siffre
  • High Hopes - Kodaline
  • Negative Vibes - Damien Dempsey
  • The Climb - Miley Cyrus
  •  Whatever - Oasis
(Looking back, apart from Miley Cyrus, I definitely influenced their song choices, haha!!)

I'm sure there was more, but that's about all I can recall at this stage! 

Have a great week!


Monday, 21 May 2018

Summer Term Subbing

So with the end of the school year coming, it can be a busy time in school and a very popular time for getting some subbing experience!

It's something I've been asked about a lot recently so I thought I'd just do a quick little post on it!

Subbing suggestions:

  1. Leave a note for the class teacher.
Sounds obvious, but coming back after being out, especially if it was an unexpected absence, it's nice to know what exactly your class got up to. Let the teacher know what you covered, who was absent, who was helpful and any other messages you have. I have a 'While You Were Out' note template freebie for download on for anyone who might find it useful!

2. Leave the classroom tidy!

This sounds sooo obvious, but you'd be surprised!!!! Make an effort to leave the classroom  tidy. Don't leave work on the children's desks - leave it in a neat pile. Get the children to help you tidy up before hometime. Clean the boards etc. Think of how you'd like to find the room yourself. I once came back to a room resembling a bombsite - toys, paper, twistables everywhere and the added horror of a sink full of unwashed paint palettes!? Not helpful!  

3. Correct the work you do

If you're doing work with the class, it's only sense that you would correct it too. It will be appreciated!

4.  Motivate the pupils

It's not easy going in to a class that isn't your own. The class teacher will have their own routines, rewards and learning incentives etc. However, there's lots of handy ideas for monitoring good behaviour and keeping the pupils motivated to do their best for you. A little incentive like golden time, DEAR time, Arts & Crafts or some PE always work a treat. I love these two ideas from Pinterest. Both would be easily adapted to suit your subbing:

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5.  Come prepared!

My advice is always to try to come with some kind of work prepared - especially if you know what class you're going to be having. Sometimes, teachers prefer if you avoid their workbooks, especially if you're only in for a short spell. Having a little pre-prepared pack of work is always an idea, with some nice lively and interesting activities to keep the pupils engaged. Maybe activities that they just mightn't get to do everyday? Funny poems, creative writing, drawing activities and fun Maths challenges are always a good go-to! Especially if it's a once off. Don't be afraid to ask to do some photocopying etc! A school will love someone who comes prepared!

Just a few ideas - if you're doing those you'll be doing well! Best of luck!

If you're looking for ready made subbing activities, I have a few packs prepared and available to download for the following classes on Mash:

Junior Infant Subbing Supply Pack
Third Class Subbing Supply Pack
Fourth Class Subbing Supply Pack
Fifth Class Subbing Supply Pack
Sixth Class Subbing Supply Pack


Monday, 14 May 2018

Getting to grips with Sight Words

Since  I spoke about my Tricky Word work on my Instagram last week, I've had so many messages and queries so I thought I'd be best putting all the info together into a blog post!

Sight words, they're one of those things we just need to learn, but in saying that it doesn't have to be boring!

Make them visible:

  • Dedicating a little section of your board / wall space for 'Word of the Day' is always a nice reference point for a new word. It will mean it's clearly visible for pupils and will also act as a reminder for yourself to refer to it throughout the day!
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  • Use your word as a password to get in & out of the classroom. Displaying it on a little card outside your classroom door will work has a handy way of testing your pupils' recognition of the word as they come and go. Each pupil must read it on their way past coming to & from yard etc.
  • It's nothing new, but a Word Wall will never go to loss in your classroom. ('Go to loss' - I think that's a very Donegal phrase but you know what I mean!) We refer to our Tricky Word wall a lot but also my little dotes love to get their work finished quickly as one of the early finisher routines we have is to get to go  up to the Tricky Word wall in pairs & with some fly swats to practice their words!


I know I'm always harping on about it but there is literally no point in teaching letters, sounds or words in isolation! You need to put things into context for your little learners. It's no different for any other type of learning, things need to be contextualised.

  • When teaching my Junior's a new Sight Word. I use a 'Sight Word Story'. It's literally a few short sentences (with that particular sight word hidden throughout) that the pupils should be able relate to and try to read or decode. And of course, our trusty fly swats are used to swat any sight words they see while reading.
  • Hunting for our target sight word in a story or picture book is something we do a lot. It's something I tell them to look / listen out for during story time and we keep our Tricky Word wall nearby for reminders! 


Make acquisition of sight words fun by having a good supply of sight word related games on hand. Some of my go-to's include:

  • Jenga - if you can get your hands on an old game of Jenga, you can easily adapt it to suit your  CVC Words, Sight Words or Tricky Word work with a few sticky labels!
  • Lollipop Dolch Lists - This is a handy, easily made activity for pair work! Set the timer, turn them all upside down, take turns turning one over, read it & keep. Then see how many you have at the end. 

  • Laminated games are so handy for word reinforcement but also for your early finishers. I have lots of games like Sight Word Snakes & Ladders, matching games and little dice games, laminated and ready to go.

  • Sight Word Hop-scotch - take things outdoors and try some hop-scotch with a side of sight words! 
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  • Sight Word Twister - Get your hands on an old game of Twister and give it a sight word make over. Take it to the hall or an open space in the classroom - your pupils will love it!

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Bringing tactile learning into literacy is so important and beneficial for young learners. There are so many ways to easily incorporate tactile learning into your word work:
  • Writing in playdough / building words with playdough
  • Building words with lego
  • Writing words in sand, rice, salt
  • Build words with pipe-cleaners
  • Take the chalk outdoors and write words on the tarmac
  • Sandpaper letters & words - if it was good enough of Maria Montessori, it's good enough for me!
  • Get the magnetic letters out!

I shared a little breakdown of how I go about teaching sight words and writing sight words on my Instagram last week. Remember, in terms of writing, I've planned these activities for my own particular class, everyone's will be be different! 

If you think you might find such activities useful, you can find my Tricky Word Word Pack for Dolch List 1 on Mash!

I could keep going about sight word work but then I'd be in the running for the longest blog post known to mankind! Once you're keeping it fresh and lively and the children are excited about learning them, then you're on the right track.

If you've any activities or ideas you find useful, be sure to share and I'll post them up for you!

Have a good week everyone!


Tuesday, 8 May 2018

Garden Centre - Summer Term Socio Dramatic Play

The Garden Centre

The children have been very involved this year in choosing their socio dramatic areas, and this topic was no exception. I'm blessed with a very creative little bunch this year, who are nature mad - bugs, flowers, creatures great and small - they're obsessed! So a theme like the Garden Centre is just perfect for them. It's quite open ended, it leaves lots of scope for Oral Language, Writing, Reading and Mathematical skills - great for this late stage of the year when they can put all their learning from the months past to use. I'm also finding it very helpful for our current topics in Maths - Addition & Money!

Flashcards, signs, language, banners and labels - Twinkl have it all in their Aistear Garden Centre Resource Pack. 
You'll see some homemade flower decor beneath our language posters - the children make these at our creative station or when they have time to spare throughout the day.

The check out desk, more language and a butterfly number-line for any help needed with number formation.

As I haven't actually done the Garden Centre before as a role play area, I had to start from scratch with resources, which sometimes is a breath of fresh air. I sourced lots of bits, such as this trellis and lots of the artificial flowers seen below, in Dealz for next to nothing. I spent the grand total of €20 and got more than enough and when we're finished I'll be boxing it all away for the next time! 

Purposeful over pretty - one of my favourite play statements! Obviously we needed a display area for our flowers and plants, so taken from the mountain of cardboard boxes we've been hoarding, a few upturned with holes punched through are perfect for supporting our fauna! Easy peasy.

Flower pots & gloves - essentials! On day one, the children chose the prices for each item of stock; hence the handwritten signs - again, purposeful over pretty!

Always have materials and a little space for emergent writing & mark making. 

Find of the month! One of my lovely friends was in recently picking up some supplies and she spotted these great squares of artificial grass. We've got great use out of them already for Small World Play and now they're ideal for setting the scene in our Garden Centre.

The canopy has gone through another transformation - this time with the help of a few plastic aprons, all to create the illusion of a greenhouse!

Currently, I've set up an empty sandpit to display some more of the fiddly bits that we have for sale in the our Garden Centre. These little plastic seed labels are from Dealz and are handy for a little bit of subtle counting and calculation work.
They're loving handling the plant bulbs and counting them out for the customers. 

What else is going on?

Well apart from socio-dramatic play, we have:

  • Junk Art / Creative Play: Here the children are working on crafting their own mini-beasts, plants and flowers. They're free to add to the decor in the Garden Centre too.

  • Playdough: As well as free flower \ plant \ mini-beast themed playdough work, the children also have a series of playdough challenges to work on. I just find these useful for integrating some of our SESE, Literacy and Numeracy work.
These are my own playdough mats, purposeful activities which my pupils really enjoy- nothing fancy! 

  • Small World: We're using our picture books as the basis for a lot of our Small World Play at the moment. We've used The Bad Tempered Ladybird and The Very Hungry Caterpillar so far and next up is The Very Quiet Cricket. We've gone Eric Carle mad! If you're following me on Instagram, I cover a lot about our Small world set ups on Instastories most weeks! 

Stick puppets and wordmats from Twinkl.

I love finger puppets, I use them a lot in my teaching. These little ones are reduced to €1 in Penny's at the moment.

  •  Construction: The children are making the most of what they've learned about various mini-beasts and garden creatures and have been crafting them from lego. They're free to go to and from our reading area for inspiration from books related to our theme too.

  • Messy Play: Later this week I'll be adding in our sandpit, but instead of sand it will be full of compost. Here our little gardeners will be digging for bulbs, bugs, letters, words and numbers! 

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